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Massive Attack Biography

Home > Music > M > Massive Attack > Biography

Birth Place: Bristol, United Kingdom
Years Active: 1988–present
Genres: Electronica, Trip-hop

Massive Attack is a collaborative music production duo from Bristol, UK. Working with co-producers, as well as various session musicians and guest vocalists, they make records and tour live. The duo is considered to be progenitors of the trip hop genre.

DJs Grantley "Grant" Evan Marshall (a.k.a. Daddy G or "G"), Andrew "Andy" Lee Isaac Vowles (a.k.a. Mushroom or "Mush") and graffiti artist-turned-MC (later turned-singer) Robert Del Naja (a.k.a. 3D or "D") met as members of DJ/MC partying collective, The Wild Bunch. One of the first homegrown soundsystems in the UK, The Wild Bunch became dominant on the Bristol club scene in the mid-1980s.

Massive Attack started as a spin-off production trio in 1988, with the independently-released song, "Any Love", sung by falsetto-voiced singer-songwriter Carlton McCarthy, and then, with considerable backing from Neneh Cherry, they signed to Circa Records in 1990.

Massive Attack's debut album “Blue Lines” was released in 1991, and was a pioneering force in the forming of the fusion genre dubbed trip hop. “Blue Lines” peaked at #13 on the UK Albums Chart, and was certified double platinum in the UK. The album spawned four singles, three of which charted in the Top 100 of the UK Singles Chart.

In 1994, Massive Attack released their second album, “Protection,” which peaked at #4 in the UK. In 1998, the group released their third album, “Mezzanine,” which peaked at #1 in the UK and Australia, and was the group's first release to chart in the United States. “100th Window” was released in 2003, peaking at #1 in the UK and three other countries.

In 2006, Massive Attack released “Collected,” a compilation of the group's singles and music videos. The compilation charted in seven countries, and was certified platinum in the UK.