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Iron Maiden Biography

Home > Music > I > Iron Maiden > Biography

Birth Place: Leyton, London, England
Years Active: 1975–present
Genres: Heavy Metal

Iron Maiden are an English heavy metal band from Leyton in East London, formed in 1975 by bassist and primary songwriter Steve Harris, who is their only remaining original member. After several auditions and lineup changes, they settled on vocalist Paul Di'Anno, guitarists Dave Murray and Dennis Stratton and drummer Clive Burr.

They released their self-titled debut album in 1980; quickly becoming one of the leading proponents of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal movement. Guitarist Adrian Smith replaced Stratton and “Killers,” was released in 1981.

Later that year, vocalist Bruce Dickinson replaced Paul Di'Anno, marking the beginning of a series of top-ten high-impact releases. They issued the 1982 album “The Number of the Beast,” becoming the band's first release to top the UK charts, and to receive a platinum certification by the RIAA.

Drummer Nicko McBrain replaced Clive Burr, and the band released “Piece of Mind” in 1983, followed by 1984's “Powerslave.” Iron Maiden broadened their sound with the use of guitar synthesizers on 1986's “Somewhere in Time.”

Their following concept album, “Seventh Son of a Seventh Son,” was released in 1988, and also topped the UK charts.

The lineup remained unchanged until Adrian Smith left the band during the pre-production of their last gold-certified album in the US, 1990's “No Prayer for the Dying.” He was replaced by Janick Gers.

Their last number one album in the UK, “Fear of the Dark,” was released in 1992. The following year, Dickinson departed from the band. His replacement, Blaze Bayley, debuted in 1995 with “The X Factor,” The diminished fan interest in 1998 with “Virtual XI” prompted Bayley's departure.

Dickinson and Smith returned to the band in 1999, and a new album, “Brave New World,” was issued in 2000. Three years later, “Dance of Death” was released. In 2006 they released “ A Matter of Life and Death,” which received, along with their two previous albums, a gold certification by the BPI.

Iron Maiden's released the 2010 album “The Final Frontier,” which debuted at the top spot of over twenty countries, including the United Kingdom. Iron Maiden have released 15 studio albums so far, and sold more than 100 million units worldwide.