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Buffalo Springfield Biography

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Birth Place: Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Years Active: 1966 - 1968
Genres: Folk Rock

Buffalo Springfield is a North American folk/rock band who formed in 1966 and is most famous for two of their founding members, Neil Young and Stephen Stills. The band was known for their political undertones and their unique sound at the time: fusing rock, folk, and country music into a sound that took on a life of its own. Despite the band's promising beginning and talented musicians, the band was plagued by in-house fighting, drug abuse, and line-up changes that led to the dismantling of the band after just two years. The band put out three albums before breaking up and managed to have a prominent effect on the musical climate at the time. The band was eventually inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame many years after their break-up.

The band's beginnings took place when Stills and Young met a few years before getting together. Each musician left a lasting impression on the other years after their initial meeting. Stills had moved on to form a band with Richie Furay and Ken Koblun, but began to search for Young. A chance meeting at a traffic light on Sunset Boulevard in Los Angeles with Stills, Furay, Friedman, and Young led to the formation of the band. The band played their first show at The Troubadour in Hollywood in 1966. Shortly thereafter they embarked on a tour of California as the opening act for the Dillards and The Byrds. On the strength of the tour and the responses to the band, Buffalo Springfield secured a spot at the famed Whisky A Go Go club in Hollywood as the house band. The band's fan base exploded over the next few weeks due to word-of-mouth about the band's powerful live performances.

The band signed with Atco in mono, a subsidiary of Atlantic Records and released their self-titled debut album in 1966. As the band became more famous, so too did their drug use, which began to erode the band's relationships with each other. Young began to show up to rehearsals and shows less frequently, and Stills was left to play Young's lead guitar parts. The band managed to struggle through 1967 and release their second offering, amidst more drug arrests. By 1968, after Young, Furay, and Eric Clapton, were all arrested for drug possession, the band decided to call it quits. Young went on to have a hugely successful solo career, and Stills formed Crosby, Stills, & Nash, who from time to time would collaborate with Young. Messina and Furay formed the country/rock group Poco, but both went their separate ways after releasing three albums.